Schofield accused Blake of assault and, worse, of sedition, claiming that he had damned the king. The punishments for sedition in England at the time during the Napoleonic Wars were severe. Blake anguished, uncertain of his fate. Hayley hired a lawyer on Blake's behalf, and he was acquitted in January , by which time Blake and Catherine had moved back to London.
In , Blake began to write and illustrate Jerusalem , his most ambitious work to date. He also began showing more work at exhibitions including Chaucer's Canterbury Pilgrims and Satan Calling Up His Legions , but these works were met with silence, and the one published review was absurdly negative; the reviewer called the exhibit a display of "nonsense, unintelligibleness and egregious vanity," and referred to Blake as "an unfortunate lunatic. Blake was devastated by the review and lack of attention to his works, and, subsequently, he withdrew more and more from any attempt at success.
From to , he engraved few plates there is no record of Blake producing any commercial engravings from to He also sank deeper into poverty, obscurity and paranoia.
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In , however, Blake began sketching a series of "visionary heads," claiming that the historical and imaginary figures that he depicted actually appeared and sat for him. By , Blake had sketched more than of them, including those of Solomon and Merlin the magician and those included in "The Man Who Built the Pyramids" and "Harold Killed at the Battle of Hastings"; along with the most famous visionary head, that included in Blake's "The Ghost of a Flea.
Remaining artistically busy, between and , Blake engraved 21 designs for an illustrated Book of Job from the Bible and Dante's Inferno. In , he began a series of watercolor illustrations of Dante—a project that would be cut short by Blake's death in In the final years of his life, William Blake suffered from recurring bouts of an undiagnosed disease that he called "that sickness to which there is no name. In death, as in life, Blake received short shrift from observers, and obituaries tended to underscore his personal idiosyncrasies at the expense of his artistic accomplishments.
The Literary Chronicle , for example, described him as "one of those ingenious persons Unappreciated in life, William Blake has since become a giant in literary and artistic circles, and his visionary approach to art and writing have not only spawned countless, spellbound speculations about Blake, they have inspired a vast array of artists and writers. We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Sign up for the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives.
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British novelist William Golding wrote the critically acclaimed classic Lord of the Flies, and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in William S. The original title was Melymbrosia. After nine years and innumerable drafts, it was released in as The Voyage Out.
Woolf used the book to experiment with several literary tools, including compelling and unusual narrative perspectives, dream-states and free association prose. Two years later, the Woolfs bought a used printing press and established Hogarth Press, their own publishing house operated out of their home, Hogarth House. Based on her brother Thoby, it was considered a significant departure from her earlier novels with its modernist elements. Virginia and Vita began a friendship that developed into a romantic affair. Dalloway , her fourth novel.
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The mesmerizing story interweaved interior monologues and raised issues of feminism, mental illness and homosexuality in post-World War I England. Dalloway was adapted into a film, starring Vanessa Redgrave, and inspired The Hours , a novel by Michael Cunningham and a film adaptation. Her novel, To the Lighthouse , was another critical success and considered revolutionary for its stream of consciousness storytelling.
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Woolf found a literary muse in Sackville-West, the inspiration for Woolf's novel Orlando , which follows an English nobleman who mysteriously becomes a woman at the age of 30 and lives on for over three centuries of English history. In , Woolf published A Room of One's Own , a feminist essay based on lectures she had given at women's colleges, in which she examines women's role in literature. The following year she published Three Guineas , an essay which continued the feminist themes of A Room of One's Own and addressed fascism and war.
Throughout her career, Woolf spoke regularly at colleges and universities, penned dramatic letters, wrote moving essays and self-published a long list of short stories. Her ability to balance dream-like scenes with deeply tense plot lines earned her incredible respect from peers and the public alike. Despite her outward success, she continued to regularly suffer from debilitating bouts of depression and dramatic mood swings.
As she waded into the water, the stream took her with it.
The authorities found her body three weeks later. Leonard Woolf had her cremated and her remains were scattered at their home, Monk's House. Woolf remains one of the most influential authors of the 21st century.
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We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Sign up for the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Mary Wollstonecraft was an English writer who advocated for women's equality. Her book A Vindication of the Rights of Woman pressed for educational reforms.